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dc.description.abstractThe exploitation of oil shale as a fuel and a source of liquid hydrocarbons on a substantial scale expends over a period of nearly 150 years. At the beginning^ of this century, oil shale industries were established in such countries as UK, France, Sweden, Germany, Spain, USSR and later in South Africa, Australia and China. Many of the oil shale plants were closed due to competition from crude petroleum but .in almost all cases shales oil plants have been built as a result of scarcity of liquid fuel. Currently, the only large scale oil shales operations are those in the USSR and China„ Production in the USSR is about 35 million metric tons of scales per annum, the main part of which is produced from the Estonian deposits, Two-thirds of the oil shales is used directly as fuel for electric power generation, the remainder for petrochemicals and gas.en
dc.titleOil shales and tar sandsen
ags.descriptionNotesIncludes bibliograpical references.en
ags.publisherPlaceAddis Ababa :en
ags.publisherNameUN. ECA,en
dc.coverage.spatialAFR
dc.coverage.spatialAfrica
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-02T17:08:56Z
dc.date.available2011-08-02T17:08:56Z
dc.date.issued1980-12
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10855/7681
dc.format.extent13 p. :
dc.languageeng
dc.typeWorking paper
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT::ENERGY RESOURCES
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT::ENERGY RESOURCES::OIL SHALES
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT::ENERGY RESOURCES::OIL-SANDS
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::INDUSTRY::FOOD INDUSTRY::OIL INDUSTRIES
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::RESSOURCES NATURELLES ET ENVIRONNEMENT::RESSOURCES ENERGETIQUES
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::RECURSOS NATURALES Y MEDIO AMBIENTE::RECURSOS ENERGETICOS
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::RESSOURCES NATURELLES ET ENVIRONNEMENT::RESSOURCES ENERGETIQUES::SCHISTES BITUMINEUX
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::RECURSOS NATURALES Y MEDIO AMBIENTE::RECURSOS ENERGETICOS::ESQUISTOS BITUMINOSOS
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::RESSOURCES NATURELLES ET ENVIRONNEMENT::RESSOURCES ENERGETIQUES::SABLES ASPHALTIQUES
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::RECURSOS NATURALES Y MEDIO AMBIENTE::RECURSOS ENERGETICOS::ARENAS ALQUITRANADAS
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::INDUSTRIE::INDUSTRIES ALIMENTAIRES::INDUSTRIES DES CORPS GRAS
uneca.subject.fulltaxonomyUNBIS::INDUSTRIA::INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA::INDUSTRIAS DE ACEITES Y GRASAS
uneca.conference.fulltaxonomyConference Categories::Preparatory Committees
uneca.workflow.processedtrue
ags.creatorCorporateUnited Nations. Economic and Social Council
ags.creatorCorporateUnited Nations. Economic Commission for Africa
ags.creatorConferenceUN. ECA Regional Preparatory Meeting on New and Renewable Sources of Energy (1981, Jan. 12 - 16 : Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
ags.subjectThesaurusENERGY RESOURCES
ags.subjectThesaurusOIL SHALES
ags.subjectThesaurusOIL-SANDS
ags.subjectThesaurusOIL INDUSTRIES
ags.subjectThesaurusRESSOURCES ENERGETIQUES
ags.subjectThesaurusRECURSOS ENERGETICOS
ags.subjectThesaurusSCHISTES BITUMINEUX
ags.subjectThesaurusESQUISTOS BITUMINOSOS
ags.subjectThesaurusSABLES ASPHALTIQUES
ags.subjectThesaurusARENAS ALQUITRANADAS
ags.subjectThesaurusINDUSTRIES DES CORPS GRAS
ags.subjectThesaurusINDUSTRIAS DE ACEITES Y GRASAS
ags.subjectClassification03.05.00 Energy Resources
ags.subjectClassification05.00.00 Industry: General
ags.availabilityNumber47853
ags.availabilityNumber1980
ags.availabilityLocationECA-HQ
ags.rights.termsofusepublic
ags.RNECA/NRD/E/80/INF.19
ags.JN47853
ags.creatorConferenceCategoryPreparatory Committees
uneca.language.supporteden


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