Implementation of the Kilimanjaro Programme of Action: lessons and prospects
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic and Social Council;
United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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African governments were in, the 1960s, more preoccupied with the decolonization process and the transformation of the inherited colonial structures and policies rather than with population issues. They, however, were in dire need of population data/information for their socio- economic development plans. But over time, there has been a remarkable increase in perception of population factors in the development issues. Earlier, large families were considered as an essential labour force in agriculture. The economic system pushed people to focus more on cash – crops rather than on food production. This created an imbalance between population growth and food production. The pattern of industrialization reinforced the rural urban dichotomy and accelerated the rural –urban migration.