The Doha Round and African development : turning words into deeds
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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Internal and external factors have contributed to the region s low participation and influence in world trade. The internal factors include: inappropriate domestic economic and social policies; and the lack of progress in regional integration efforts, which has limited the region s ability to reduce transaction costs and increase competitiveness through economies of scale in the development of infrastructure. On the external front, costly and unfair trading practices of member-states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) have made it difficult for African countries to penetrate export markets in developed countries.