Population Environment Development Agriculture Model : technical manual
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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In the last two decades, Africa experienced a severe crisis, manifested in the constant decline of its economic growth rate, among other indicators. Since 1994, the economic situation of the continent has improved steadily, but this resumption is still below the necessary level to have a significant impact on poverty. Although the proportion living in extreme poverty in Africa may have declined with a few percentage points in the last couple of years1, high population growth rates mean that the absolute number of poor still increases dramatically on a daily basis. Additionally, Africa s economic performance seems to be highly dependent on the international economic environment and on weather conditions - two exogenously determined factors that do not embody any guarantee for future growth (ECA, 1999).