Social performance evaluation of microfinance institutions in Mozambique
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)Tom Pisco, Jose Augusto;
Dias, Joao Ferreira;
United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
African Development Bank Group;
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Historically, microfinance has been successful in reaching the population excluded from the classical financial system. In the |90's, efforts have been concentrated towards financial and institutional sustainability of the microfinance institutions (MFIs). Tools to evaluate financial performance have been developed, but the social performance was taken for granted. However nowadays, donors and social investors ask the MFIs to justify the fun dings: Who are the clients reached? How to combine social and financial objectives? How to avoid mission drift? Mozambique as a developing country has so many poor people and excluded from the classical financial system. This model is divided in four social dimensions: outreach of the poor and excluded; adaptation of the services and products to the target clients; improvement of social and political capital of the clients; and social responsibility of the MFI. Using; the Social Performance Indicators (SPI) model developed by CERISE the results show that MFIs in Mozambique are not concerned about Social Performance as a goal. Only two institutions came close to the international standard MFIs average. In conclusion, the MFIs in Mozambique should redefine their strategies in order to attend the huge market of the people which are still excluded from the financial services.