Governance for peace and security in a changing climate
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
African Union Commission;
African Development Bank;
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Africa’s vulnerability arises from a combination of many factors, including extreme poverty, rising population, frequent natural disasters such as droughts and floods, and agricultural systems (crop and livestock production) that depend heavily on rainfall. It is a threat multiplier which exacerbates existing trends, tensions and instability, and undermines the sustainability of livelihoods. Current scientific literature on climate change concludes that countries subject to environmental damage and dwindling production capacities – including deforestation and land degradation – are more likely to experience both internal and external conflict.