Responsible mineral supply chains for ASM in African: the case of conflict minerals
The issue of responsible mineral supply chains has taken center stage in the African mining sector in the last few decades as a response to the challenge of conflict minerals. ASM is often fraught with controversy and this ...
ASM and sustainability in Africa: linkage as a sustainable livelihood tool
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is widespread in Africa and exploits a very large number of minerals. The conservative number of people involved is estimated to be more than 10 million. However, these estimates are ...
Artisanal and small-scale mining policy guidance for the country mining vision
In Africa, the number of people associated with ASM activities is estimated to be more than 9 million and about 50% of these are women. There are many reasons why the rural poor end up in ASM. These include historic ...