The ICA vision of the future
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)Wood, Michael;
United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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Maps pre-date scientific measurement but cartography has continued to adapt to changes in concept and technology. Following a restatement of the unique character and vital importance to spatial science of maps and (their designers), this paper reviews how technological changes are challenging cartographic theorists in the fields of both production and use. Current trends and future possibilities are noted and the inevitability of a longer-term convergence between the component spatial sciences is foreseen. The increasing institutionalization of commonly employed technologies such as Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS), and a greater focus by the whole spatial science community on seeking solutions to world-wide problems should encourage the growth of teamwork rather than isolated scientific activity to confront these challenges.