Modernization of the civil registration and vital statistics system through ICIVIL innovation in Burkina Faso
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
African Union Commission;
African Development Bank;
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According to the United Nations Children’s Fund, birth registration rates in sub-Saharan Africa are below 50 per cent. In the poorest households, they are less than 30 per cent. Even today, 95 million children under the age of 5 years are without legal status in Africa, according to the same source. The World Health Organization notes that two out of three deaths are never recorded, which means that they are not included in vital statistics systems. It reveals incomplete civil registers where millions of children and adults are not recorded. This deprives them of their fundamental rights such as legal recognition and access to basic social services such as education and health. As a result, States do not have reliable and complete data for public policy planning. This failure to identify some of its citizens effectively leads to their exclusion and could cause government development programs to continue to fail, resulting in serious legal uncertainty, inequality of citizens before the law and political and social instability. In Burkina Faso, according to a World Bank study, in the absence of a birth certificate, more than 6 million Burkinabe are unable to produce proof of their identity. In 2017, only 49.4 per cent of births in public and private health facilities were registered within the legal time limit of two months and only 34.25 per cent of deaths were registered.