Economic aspects of drinking water supply and sanitation in Africa with particular reference to rural areas
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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The decade has seen some progress made to provide more of the African populations with good drinking water and suitable sanitation facilitates. By the end of 1988 an additional 40 and 52 million people had been supplied with good drinking water and suitable sanitation facilities respectively in the urban areas. These brought the urban coverage for water supply and sanitation from 66% and 54% in 1981 to 77% and 79% respectively in 1988. For the rural areas an additional 87 and 1 million people were supplied with drinking water and suitable sanitation facilities respectively. These brought the coverage of rural water supply and sanitation from 22% and 20% in 1981 to 26% and 17% respectively in 1988. Population estimates by various agencies viz national governments. ECA. WHO and the UN for countries in the region should be reconciled. At the country level policies should be devised to ensure that the progress is not outstripped by higher rates of population growth.