Development of hydrograph, nautical cartography and bathymetric mapping in African waters (International hydrographic bureau)
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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This paper has been prepared by the International Hydrographic Bureau (IHB) - the headquarters of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) - , Monaco at the request of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. The paper provides an update to a similar one presented at the 8th Conference by the IHO (1993 Addis Ababa). The IHO is in the forefront for technical cooperation with the developing countries and in particular in the African Continent where hydrography must be enhanced for navigation safety and marine environment protection. During the past triennium two important factors characterized the actions of the IHO in Africa: the renewed emphasis on the actions carried out in West and North Africa and the creation of a regional hydrographic commission for Southern Africa and the adjacent islands. The initiatives of the IHO in Northern and Western Africa were purely hydrographic orientated, i.e. aimed at improving surveying and nautical charting capabilities of the coastal states. The initiative in Southern Africa was more ample and directed at also improving other aspects of safety at sea and the protection of marine environment. The organization and activities of the IHO in the fields of cooperation, assistance, training and cartography in Africa are summarized.