Census financing and the role of the external support
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)Sam Suharto;
United Nations. Economic and Social Council;
United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
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The population and housing censuses provide necessary data for the analysis and appraisal of the growth of the population as well as the degree of urbanization, the spatial distribution of the population according to such variables as education and occupation, the changes in sex and age structure of the population, the mortality and fertility differentials for various population groups, and so on. Furthermore, accurate information on the size of the population by gender and by administrative division of the country is the basis for estimating consumer demands for a variety of goods and services such as housing, food, transportation, education, etc. Census data also provide a benchmark for current demographic statistics and a frame for sample surveys in demographic and other fields, as well as for other statistical and demographic research. To undertake a population census is a very expensive operation for any country, regardless of the size of the population. Census financing has been a major problem in many African countries. Fortunately, external assistance has been available for the last three decades, primarily from the United Nations. Since the inception of UNFPA in 1969, this funding agency has been in the fore front in providing technical assistance for the population censuses in developing countries, particularly in Africa. During the last decade other agencies like the World Bank, European Union and bilateral institutions have also contributed in providing assistance for population census projects in developing countries.