Health expenditures and outcomes in africa
Author(s)/Corporate Author (s)Anyanwu, John;
United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa;
African Development Bank Group;
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This paper provides econometric evidence linking African countries' pet capita total as well as government health expenditures and per capita income to two health outcomes: infant mortality and under-five mortality. This relationship is examined, using data from 47 African countries between 1999 and 2004. Health expenditures have a statistically significant effect on infant mortality and under-five mortality. The magnitude of our elasticity estimates are in consonance to those reported in the literature. For African countries, our results imply that total health expenditures (as well as the public component) are certainly important contributor to health outcomes. In addition, we find that both infant and under-five mortality are positively and significantly associated with Sub-Saharan Africa.